WHY IS THE ADDRESS WHICH WE ARE WRITING ABOUT (192.168.1.1) A DEFAULT INTERNET PROTOCOL ADDRESS?
192.168.1.1, the default Internet Protocol address, is employed on private networks by means of a Linksys router. Also, it can be employed by other devices which are connected to private networks (meaning that they are restricted to the Linksys system). There are some other default addresses which are frequently used, some of them being 192.168.2.1 as well as 192.168.0.1, but they are reserved for private use by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. Thus, the primary aim of this default address for Linksys is providing an address for network administrator or the end-user so as to be linked to the router of the network and to carry out a configuration or some administration functions for the said network.
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HOW WE CAN WE USE 192.168.1.1 TO HAVE ACCESS TO THE SETUP OF A LINKSYS ROUTER?
The address 192.168.1.1 is usually employed for accessing the webpage of the Linksys router setup. Thus, the end-users usually log onto this page so as to change or set up the wireless safety mode, or to change and set up the network name (or SSID), as well as to change or set up the key for the network security.
These are the steps we are to undertake to access the said setup:
- It is necessary to switch on the LinkSys router. After that, you should link the PC with the router by way of an Ethernetcable (this should be done in one of the total of 4 Ethernet ports which can be found in the back or the rear of the piece of equipment). It is relevant to take be aware that a Linksys router call for connecting to the router by employing the Ethernet technique– in other words, take care not to support the link by way of broadband or
- Start the web browser of the computer. After that, type in 192.168.1.1 into the address bar of the browser and push the Return or the Enter key. Many users type 192.168.l.l and this doesn’t launch the admin web page, so be careful.
- Type in the username and the password which you had set already for use on the router. In the case that you are employing a brand new router or failed to alter the factory default settings, then the default username for a recent Linksys router is the following: blank or no entry for the username and, the password being admin.
- The menu option Wireless should now be clicked. After that, the “Configuration View” should be set to “Manual” with the purpose of seeing the network name (or the SSID) used by the broadband network which you are using.
- Pick the menu option “Wireless Security.” Take note of the “Security Mode” as well as the “Passphrase” being used on the network. In the case that they are not set, they can be entered at that moment. In fact, newer models of Linksys routers will ask you to enter 4 passphrases for the network. The, the “TX Key” entry is bound to correspond with the passphrase which is active on the network. Note that the passphrases are case sensitive for Linksys wireless networks are case sensitive, as opposed to pure Windows apps.
- The last step is logging out of the router menu for setting up and then disconnect the computer from your router.
AND HOW CAN WE RESET THE ROUTER?
The default address which is our topic – 192.168.1.1 – also has another purpose, that being the resetting of the Linksys router to its factory defaults. Why does this need arise? Usually when it happens that a specific end-user has forgotten his or her network passphrase or the router passphrase or login. Also it can be the case that there are constant router issues which need to be resolved. So how is this done? These are the steps.
- You need to locate the button for a reset which can be found on the router back or rear. When you find the button, press it for ten seconds (this is valid for an 802.11N supported Linksys device) or thirty seconds for router which are of an older date – and the device needs to be switched on. When the router indication lights are turned back on (the lights for the Internet, the Power light and the WLAN light), then you can let go of the button.
- Use an Ethernet cable in order to establish a link between the router and the computer. The majority of Linksys routers have as many as 4 Ethernet ports which can be found on the back of the said device located, and next to the button for reset. In fact, the Ethernet cable is inserted into any port.
- Then start the web browser of the computer you are using. In case you are working on a Mac, there have been issues with the browser called Opera and its linking to a Linksys router. If this happen, just switch to Mozilla Firefox in order to set upa good connection with the router.
- After the third step, you need to enter 192.168.1.1 (not 192.168.l.l) into the address bar of the web browser, and after that, select the “enter” or the “return” key. The result is that the page for the Linksys router setup will be displayed. To end this step, type in “admin” for the login name (or no name, depending on the router’s age) while the passphrase is “admin.”
- The last step is as follows: you need to continue with the setup to the Linksys router I order to establish a network name (or SSID), an encryption type, as well as passwords for the network.
WHAT IS THE MEANING OF WIRELESS HOME NETWORK SAFETY OR SECURITY?
The mentioned default IP address has another purpose, expect as quoted above. It is also used for taking careful measured for home network safety. In point of fact, while hurrying to obtain a home wireless network, a number of users skip the necessary steps which need to be carried out in the purpose of establishing basic wireless network safety. There are some newer models of routers which more or less compelend-users to carry out a procedure of setting up network safety, but many do not have this safety measure installed. What you need to do to set up a wireless home safety is the following:
- You first need to alter the router’s default username as well as password. A great number of users of PCs presume that the routers they are using at home are secure and that no one can access them without the proper network password. However, it is a fact that there is considerable vulnerability in use and if router logins and passwords are set to default settings, then the setup configuration menu can make use of the address IP 192.168.1.1 and even change the settings. Therefore it is recommended to change the default IP 192.168.1.1 into another one from the same IP range. Just make sure not to enter 192.168.l.l. It is the most common mistake you can do and which can cause you troubles and waste your time.
- You need to set up a unique SSID or network name. Routers like Linksys as well as some other ones will have a default SSID which is shown to the users located within the device’s range and which is usually “linksys.” To know the SSID of a network is sure to be a great deal of help to all those who wish to force an entry into our network. However, it is possible to alter the SSID by way of the router setup page which must not include the the default corporate name.
- Now switch on the wireless network safety. It is important to pick the most powerful encryption form which has the support of all the wireless devices located in our homes. In fact, the safety type is chosen in the menu of the wireless router configuration. In the case that you have selected the WEP standard, make sure that you have established a routine for changing the password (usually a monthly routine is the best for most people) if it should happen that your password was cracked.
- Think about facilitating MAC address filtering, as every device which can be connected to a network has a physical or MAC address. In fact, wireless routers have the ability to track and employ a MAC address for the purpose of filtering network access. This can help to add an additional layer of safety, although it must not be the single means of network safety which is being used. MAC filtering can be more effective if it is combined with wireless encryption.
- The next step is turning off the SSID Broadcast. A number of wireless routers give the option of automatically broadcasting the SSID at regular intervals. However, this may boost the chance that someone undesirable can try to get access. We know those people as well as devices which will be linking to our home network so the network name can be provided for users for configuration of the device. Also, they ought to be disabled on the setup page of the Linksys router.
- It is best to steer clear of auto-linking in order to unlock wireless networks. In fact, this step has nothing to do with the use of 192.168.1.1 for the configuring of the wireless router, although hit can be important. As a matter of fact, if there is a network which is open and you link to that instead of the network you usually use, the result can be an exposing of the home network as well as the wireless device to an additional safety risk. It is best to disconnect manually after accepting a link to an open network, as this will help put off future links.
- Switch on the router’s firewall as well as all the computers on the network. You can configure the firewall on a Linksys router by way of the configuration panel. By switching this firewall as well as all the firewalls of the clients which are using the computers which have access to the network are sure to guarantee that the network as well as the individual PCs have protection against network intruders.
Now when you have read about some specific networking tasks, the use of 192.168.1.1, and why you should take care not to type 192.168.l.l – it is time to learn something about Internet Protocol Addresses.
The Internet Protocol (and its most common abbreviation is the IP) is the method or protocol that is applied to transfer data which is located on the Internet from one computer to another one. That is to say, each and every PC (or in other words, the host) that is connected to the Internet has at least one IP address which tells it apart it from the other computers that are also connected to the Internet. In addition, when information is transmitted or being received (such as for example an e-mail or even a Web page), the message is divided into little chunks of information which are dubbed packets. In effect, each packet has the receiver’s and the sender’s Internet addresses. Additionally, each packet is primarily sent to what is called a gateway computer that has the ability to make out a small part of the Internet. After that, the gateway computer proceeds to interpret the address known as the destination one, advancing the packet to something named an adjacent gateway. This gateway in turn continues to interpret the destination address on the Internet up until the gateway I able to identify the packet, thereby considering that the packet is part of a PC within its vicinity. Following this, the gateway continues to advance the packet directly to the address which is specified on the computer.
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WHAT PRECISELY DOES THE INTERNET PROTOCOL DO?
Because each and every message consists of packets, each packet must be able, if so necessary, to be transmitted by a distinctive Internet path way. As it happens, these packets are delivered differently in comparison with how they were transmitted, as the Internet Protocol serves only for conveying messages. There is another type of protocol which is named the Transmission Control Protocol (or TCP in short)which serves for putting the messages in the right kind of order.
In general, the IP is what is called a link less or connectionless procedure or protocol, which simply means there is no permanent connection which links those end points entering into interaction or communication. Thus, every packet making its way through the Internet is regarded as an independent chunk of data with no links with any other data. In fact, these packets are in the end set in a proper order because of the TCP protocol and, as already ascertained, it is a procedure or protocol that is adjusted to linking. Furthermore, it keeps a trace of the chain of a packet contained by a specific message.
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WHICH VERSION IS USED MOST FREQUENTLY AT PRESENT?
The Internet Protocol address which is used most frequently now is IPv4. This happens to be the 4th version of IP. Although we must say that the 6th version (IPv6) has been gaining plenty of support lately. In fact, this IP version can access IP addresses that are considerably longer, thus giving the option of a larger number of Internet users. Also, this version, which is the latest one, includes the power of Version 4, so that any server that can support the packets of Version 6 can also support those of Version 4.
BUT WHAT EXACTLY IS AN IP ADDRESS?
An IP address is an address which contains a 32-bit numeral that has the ability to identify the senders (and receivers) of information that is forwarded as packets on the Internet, and which is assigned to various devices, such as the computer, routers, mobile devices, and printers. There are two parts in every IP address: 1. an identifier of a specific Internet network, and 2. a device identifier on the network (which means a server or a work station). An IP address contains four numerals which are divided by periods or full stops. This is very important because typing the small letter L in the IP is wrong and most people are doing it – 192.168.l.l looks the same as 192.168.1.1, but it is not the same. It will end up in an error. The numerals which form these kinds of addresses are called octets (due to the fact that there are 8 positions in a binary representation which contains 32 bits). Also, every position in a binary form is either in an on or an off (1 / 0) state, although here is a sum potential combining of 256 per octet numerals. So, with potential octets within one IP address, roughly 4.3 billion possible values are possible. Of these, there exist so called restricted addresses which are not used for IP addresses. An instance of this is 255.255.255.255, which is employed only for network broadcasting, 0.0.0.0, which is for default network addresses, as well as 127.0.0.1 which is the so called loopback address used by clients or host computers.
A standard example of a customary home network uses an IP address that begins its sequence by means of the following line of number – 192.168. By and large, these addresses appear like these two – 192.168.1.1 and 192.168.2.1. It is important to know that the IP is made of numbers, not letters – so 192.168.l.l is not a valid IP address although many users make this mistake.
There are two basic reasons why IP addresses are used: the first one is location addressing and the second one is network identifying. These addresses were initially created with the purpose of preventing the addresses of the IP version 4 from overload.
WHAT ARE PRIVATE AND WHAT ARE PUBLIC IP ADDRESSES?
A public IP address is one which the Internet has access to. In fact, like mail addresses for delivering mail to our homes, an IP address which is public is the distinctive and one-only IP address which is allocated to a device. If you wish to find the public IP address which you are using, it is found at the page called ‘What is my IP Address.’
WHAT IS A PRIVATE INTERNET PROTOCOL ADDRESS?
On the other hand, a private IP address, in our case 192.168.1.1, is for assigning to devices, that us, computers in our private space but without allowing them to be directly exposed to the Internet. To illustrate, in the case that there are multiple devices in our home, we perhaps would want to use these private addresses for each and every device at home. If this is the state of affairs, our router will have a public IP address, but all the devices, be they a PC, a smart phone, a tablet or a printer which are linked to the router (by way of Wi-Fi or wired) have private IP addresses from the router and by way of the DHCP protocol.
The organization which registers IP address ranges to ISPs (Internet Service Providers) and various organizations is called IANA or the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. In order to let organizations allocate private Internet Protocol addresses, the InterNIC (or the Network Information Center) earmarks specific blocks of addresses for private usage.
All in all, a private IP address entails the following: this is the specific address space which is assigned by the InterNIC center in order to let various organizations make their very own private networks. In fact, there are 3 blocks of IP which are reserved for private usage (these are 1 class A, followed by 1 class B, then 1 class C). Private IP addresses, as has already been mentioned, are most often allocated to PCs, smart phones, printers, and tablets in your home, and PCs used by organizations. Thereby, when a PC is allocated this address, the devices in our home can see this computer by way of its private Internet Protocol address. On the other hand, the devices which are located externally from the local network do not have the capacity for direct communication by way of the private IP address. Rather, they use the public IP address of the router for communication. In order to permit direct access for a device that is allocated a private IP address, it is necessary to use a NAT (or a Network Address Translator).
In conclusion, this kind of Internet Protocol address generally entails that a router cannot be connected in the case that this address is utilized externally (from the home network). It is called a private address due to the fact that it is created inside the router’s firmware (firmware is the kind of software which renders control, monitoring as well as data manipulation). Also, this address permits computer or device access to users by utilizing a browser on the computer by typing 192.168.1.1 in the URL bar (and linked with the router which has a default IP 192.168.1.1).
Since it is a common mistake which can take you some time to figure out that you are typing the wrong one, we have to say this again – 192.168.l.l is wrong, the correct is 192.168.1.1.
SO HOW DO PRIVATE INTERNET PROTOCOL ADDRESSES ACTUALLY WORK?
The private Internet Protocol address ranges are the following:
From 10.0.0.0 all the way to 10.255.255.255
From 169.254.0.0 all the way to 169.254.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 all the way to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 all the way to 192.168.255.255 (as you can see the IP 192.168.1.1 belongs to this IP address range)
The address which is our topic – 192.168.1.1 – happens to be a private address on the Internet Protocol. In fact, an address is regarded as private if it is within an address span which is reserved for private use. In fact, these addresses are typically employed on local networks which comprise of business LANs and schools. Thus, a device using a private IP address cannot connect directly with the Internet. Equally, a device which is located externally from the local network cannot link to a device by using a private address in a direct manner. Hence, these links must pass through a device (or, of course, a router) using NAT (short for Network Address Translation) that renders an additional level of safety to the local network. And finally, for the last time, always check if you are typing the IP correctly since 192.168.l.l is not an IP address.